LGBT+ facts and figures: What do the statistics say?
According to the Office for National Statistics, the lesbian, gay and bisexual community only makes up for 1.5% of the UK population.
This statistic may be questioned by some. But one thing is indistputable: tthe LGBT+ community is frquently faced with discriminations and prejudices. The statistics bear this out — particularly in relation to how adverse experiences at university and the workplace can have lasting negative effects on LGBT+ individuals.
Discrimination and hate crime today
Despite the increasing awareness and understanding of people who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual, trans, or other, the community still faces discrimination and negative behaviours.
The below figures outline the prominence of such prejudices:
- 1 in 6 gay, lesbian or bisexual individuals have experienced hate crime or an incident relating to their sexual orientation over the last 3 years.
- Less than 1 in 10 reported hate crimes or incidents lead to a conviction – this perhaps explains why two-thirds of those experiencing hate crime or discrimination do not report it.
- 26% of lesbian, gay and bisexual people alter their behaviour to lessen the chances of becoming victim to hate crime and discrimination.
- 38% of trans people have experienced physical intimidation or threats, and 81% have experienced silent harassment, which can be in the form of stares or whispers from other people.
In the workplace
- 1 in 5 gay, lesbian or bisexual employees have experienced verbal abuse from colleagues or customers within the last five years because of their sexual orientation.
- 13% of lesbian, gay or bisexual employees would not feel confident reporting homophobic bullying in the workplace.
- 26% of lesbian, gay or bisexual employees are not at all open about their sexual orientation with their other co-workers.
- 42% of trans people feel they are prevented from living permanently in their preferred gender role because of the threat imposed on their employment status.
- More than 10% of trans people have been verbally assaulted at work, and 6% physically assaulted. Because of this nature of treatment from others, a quarter of trans people will feel obliged to change their jobs.
- 36% of LGBT undergraduates have experienced harassment within the past year.
- Harassment within university is most common in the form of derogatory remarks.
- 20% of students fear for their physical safety because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
- A study has found that LGBT students are 5 times more likely to have attempted suicide in the past year.
- In the same study, LGBT students were predicted to be 3 times more likely to be threatened or injured with a weapon in school or on campus in the last year.
Attend a Pride event near you
These statistics are worrying. But support is out there — from charities such as Stonewall to youth-focused groups like the Albert Kennedy Trust. And if you fancy doing a bit to support your local community, why not head to a Pride event near you? Find your local event here.